What works: Successful community pubs
Community pubs tend to have a dual focus on achieving financial sustainability (i.e. aspiring to generate a small surplus through trading to achieve long-term sustainability of the businesses) and delivering positive social and economic benefits for the community, such as helping to increase a sense of belonging among residents and reducing social isolation. Community pubs are similar to those run by commercial operators. However, there are some key differences that distinguish community pubs: their reliance on cross-subsidisation between pub functions and other elements (e.g. café); their reliance on volunteers (with both general and specific skills) to support the set-up and running of the pub; and their ability to generate their own demand to some extent, i.e. encouraging local people to use the pub because it is a community pub rather than a profit-making enterprise.